Born and raised in Long Island, New York, Ian Bavitz was inspired by the New York hip-hop scene as well as punk rock, and began rapping during the early '90s, eventually christening himself Aesop Rock. He studied visual art at Boston University, where he met future collaborator Blockhead. As a college student, he released the self-financed full-length Music for Earthworms in 1997. Featuring tracks produced by Blockhead, Dub-L, and Aesop himself, the album earned a buzz through online promotion, and was followed by the EP Appleseed in 1999. After graduating from college, fledgling experimental hip-hop label Mush (then home to cLOUDDEAD) released Float, Aesop's first major recording. The album received positive press, and the rapper signed to Def Jux (which soon changed its name to Definitive Jux). Full-length Labor Days, featuring production by label CEO El-P, appeared to widespread acclaim in 2001. An EP headed by the album's most popular cut, Daylight, followed in early 2002.
Aesop Rock's profile increased with his second Definitive Jux full-length, 2003's largely self-produced Bazooka Tooth. A year later, he released Build Your Own Bazooka Tooth, containing instrumentals and a cappella versions of the album's tracks, encouraging producers to create homemade remixes. EP Fast Cars, Danger, Fire and Knives appeared in early 2005, with initial copies packaged with an 88-page booklet including comprehensive lyrics of every Aesop release from Float onwards. Around this time, he participated in rap supergroup the Weathermen, replacing Cannibal Ox's Vast Aire.
In early 2007, Aesop Rock composed a 45-minute piece for Nike's Original Run series titled All Day, a continuous track meant to be listened to while jogging (other artists included LCD Soundsystem and the Crystal Method). By September his much-anticipated full-length, None Shall Pass, which included guest appearances from El-P and John Darnielle (from the Mountain Goats), came out. A year later, Definitive Jux would be put "on hiatus" by label head El-P, but Aesop would remain busy, producing major works like Felt's 2009 effort Felt 3: A Tribute to Rosie Perez and working on a collaboration with the Moldy Peaches' Kimya Dawson dubbed the Uncluded. Additionally, he formed Hail Mary Mallon with Rob Sonic and DJ Big Wiz, debuting with Are You Gonna Eat That? in 2011.
He would return to his solo career in 2012 with Skelethon, released by the Rhymesayers label. The album featured a guest appearance from Dawson along with Rob Sonic and Allyson Baker of Dirty Ghosts. After his gear was stolen in 2013, Rock sold artwork to help fund a new studio setup. A tour with the Uncluded preceded 2015's LICE, the first of a trio of collaborative EPs with Homeboy Sandman. A year later he returned to his solo career with the single "Rings" and the album The Impossible Kid. The following year he scored his first film, the action thriller Bushwick. In 2018, he formed Malibu Ken with Black Moth Super Rainbow mastermind Tobacco, whose debut solo album Aesop had guested on a decade prior. The duo's self-titled album arrived in early 2019. In April of 2020, he offered up Freedom Finger (Music from the Game), a mostly instrumental collection of music created as a soundtrack to a longtime friend's video game. Aesop's first solo album in four years, the typically heady Spirit World Field Guide appeared in November. ~ Greg Prato & Paul Simpson, Rovi
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